Foundation Stage

Early Years Foundation Stage

The Early Years Foundation Stage is based upon four principles:

A unique child

We recognise that every child is a competent learner who can be resilient, capable, confident and self- assured. We recognise that children develop in individual ways and at varying rates. Children’s attitudes and dispositions to learning are influenced by feedback from others; we use praise and encouragement as well as celebration and rewards to encourage and develop a positive attitude to learning.

Positive relationships

We recognise that children learn to be strong and independent from secure relationships and aim to develop caring, respectful and professional relationships with the children and their families.

Enabling environments

We recognise that the environment plays a key role in supporting and extending the children’s development. Through observations we assess the children’s interests and stages of development and learning needs before planning challenging and achievable activities and experiences to extend their learning.

Learning and development

Foundation stage is organised to allow children to explore and learn securely and safely.  There are areas where the children can be active, be quiet and rest. The seven areas of learning are defined so that children are able to find and locate equipment and resources independently.

Early childhood is the foundation on which children build the rest of their lives. At West Melton we greatly value the importance that the EYFS plays in laying the secure foundations for future learning and development. However, we also believe that early childhood is valid in itself as part of life. It is important to view the EYFS as preparation for life and not simply preparation for the next stage of education. The EYFS for children is from birth to five years of age. All children begin school with a wide variety of experiences and learning and it is the privilege of the adults working in the Foundation Stage to accept the task of building upon that prior learning experience. This is done through an holistic approach to learning ensuring that parents and guardians, support staff and the Foundation team work effectively together to support the learning and development of the children in their charge.


It is every child’s right to grow up safe, healthy, enjoying and achieving, making a positive contribution and with economic well-being. The overarching aim of the EYFS is to help young children achieve these five outcomes. We will provide a broad and balanced curriculum that will enable each child to develop personally, socially, emotionally, spiritually, physically and intellectually to their full potential. Each child is valued as an individual and teaching and learning is based on the understanding that children develop at different rates.

At West Melton we aim to:

  • Provide a safe and challenging, stimulating, caring and sharing environment that is sensitive to the needs of all children.
  • Provide a broad, balanced, relevant and creative curriculum that will set in place firm foundations for further learning and development in Key Stage 1 and beyond.
  • Use and value what each child can do, assessing their individual needs and helping each child to progress.
  • Enable choice and decision making, fostering independence and self-confidence.
  • Work in partnership with parents and carers and value their contributions ensuring that all children, irrespective of ethnicity, culture, religion, home language, family background, learning difficulties, gender or ability have the opportunity to reach their full potential.
  • Provide opportunities whereby children experience a challenging and enjoyable programme of learning and development.
  • Provide experiences for all children, whatever their needs, that are inclusive rather than parallel.

Learning and development

Learning and development is categorised into three prime areas of learning:

  • Communication and language
  • Physical development
  • Personal, Social and emotional development

Additionally there are four specific areas of learning

  • Literacy
  • Maths
  • Understanding the world
  • Expressive art and design.

Achievement of these prime and specific areas of learning is by:

  • Playing and exploring
  • Active learning
  • Creating and thinking critically

Observation, assessment and planning

Long, medium and short term plans are made by the EYFS teaching Staff. Long term plans are drawn up yearly and they provide an overview of what we intend the children to learn by the end of the Reception Year. Medium term plans are made half-termly, and short term plans are drawn up on a weekly basis. The short term plans take into consideration the needs of individual children or groups of children. They also take into account the interests of children and any unplanned events. Ongoing assessment is also used to inform the following weeks planning.

We make regular assessments of Children’s learning and we use this information to ensure that future planning reflects the identified needs. Assessment in the EYFS takes the form of long, short and recorded observations and this involves the teacher and other adults as appropriate. These observations are recorded and used towards profiles that are kept on all children and shared with parents. At the end of FS1 and FS2 a written report is made for each child and sent home to parents.

Daily Learning

All children in the foundation stage unit will take part in a literacy, numeracy and phonic based lesson/activity dependent on their ability every day. Each lesson will reflect the terms topic and will be focused around learning intentions linked to the ages and stages of development matters.

In addition to this children will explore topic related activities around the unit focused on developing learning in each area of the curriculum. The activities take place in both indoor and outdoor environment.


The foundation stage unit is a stimulating environment in which the children learn. The indoor classroom and outdoor area is organised into areas to reflect the curriculum. The areas are tidy and well-resourced to enhance children’s learning and independence. Each half term the unit is set up to reflect the topic for the term. The children’s work and ideas will then be added to the environment throughout the term to constantly reflect learning and achievements.

Early Years Foundation Stage Learning Journey

The Learning Journey is completed for each child towards the end of the Foundation year and the results reported to parents formally through parents meetings and the results sent to the LA for analysis. Teachers and Teaching Assistants record observations of children’s achievements across seven curriculum areas. These records are then used to complete the Learning Journey.

The role of parents

We encourage a partnership with parents and aim to achieve this through:

  • Inviting parents to join us for transition activities during the school year before they join us in FS2, talking to parents about their child’s needs.
  • Inviting parents to Phonics meetings.
  • Inviting parents to a ‘Curriculum Meeting’ early in the first term.
  • Making arrangements for helping their child to settle into school.
  • Providing opportunities at the beginning and end of each day for parents to talk to the teacher.
  • Inviting the parents into the classroom to show the work created throughout each topic.
  • Offering formal parents meetings in the Autumn and Spring Terms to share information about their child and to discuss their child’s progress with the class teacher.
  • Providing the parents with a written report on their child’s progress at the end of the Summer Term.
  • Encouraging parents to participate in their child’s learning through activities such as reading and sharing books.
  • Providing a contact book for each child ‘Learning Log’.
  • Set a Dojo account up for each child so parents/carers can access photographs of learning, comments and proud points. Home activities and achievements can be sent to the class teacher though Dojo to strength home/school links.
  • Providing a ‘Topic Narrative letter at the beginning of every term outlining our curriculum plans for the term.


The induction process.

In FS1, new children are invited to spend a session with their parents or carers so that they can meet their new friends and have a taster session. Parents can ask any questions they may have and learn about the routines and expectations of the setting.

In FS2, staff go out to meet children who have not attended our Nursery to make a first point of contact. They find out about children’s likes and dislikes and preferred ways of working. Parents are invited to school for a meeting with the Head Teacher, Reception Teachers and Inclusion Leader. They find out about school routines and expectations and staff are available to answer any questions. In July, the children also have the chance to spend a day with their new teacher in order to experience a full day routine, including lunch time. This way, the children are prepared for starting full time in September and usually look forward to doing this as a result of this transition.

As a special welcome to West Melton School, all nursery and reception children will be given the gift of a book to start school with and to emphasize the importance of reading and provide the parents with an instant opportunity to engage and support with this.



Intimate care

This is any care that involves washing, touching or carrying out an invasive procedure that most children are able to carry out themselves. However depending on the age and stage of a child’s development, they may need some support, for example, dressing, wiping their bottom after using the toilet and changing underwear and clothes following an accident.

Parents inform staff of those children likely to require such care and a discussion takes place regarding how their needs can be met as closely in school as they would be met at home. Parents provide clean clothing and are always informed when a child has needed such care.

Every child has the right to privacy, dignity and a professional approach from all staff when meeting their needs and it is important that staff work in partnership with parents to give the right support to an individual child. Privacy is maintained as far as possible and staff are always encouraged to change a child in the presence of another member of staff. Intimate care is given to children who need it in line with our school policy. Parents are always informed when this care is given.

Inclusion and equal opportunities

Children with special educational needs will be supported as appropriate to enable them to access the curriculum fully. This includes children that are more able and those with specific learning difficulties and disabilities. Individual education plans identify targets in specific areas of learning for those children who require additional support commensurate with the school’s Special Educational Needs Policy. In line with the school’s Equal Opportunities Policy, we will provide all children regardless of ethnicity, culture, religion, home language, family background, learning difficulties, disabilities, gender or ability with equal access to all aspects of school life to ensure that every child is valued as an individual. All staff are role models and are aware of the influence they have in promoting positive attitudes and use that influence to challenge stereotypical attitudes.